A premier use case for Nimiq
14 Aug 2019
It is Nimiq’s mission to deliver the world’s easiest-to-use, censorship-resistant payment ecosystem. In this blog post, you can discover how Nimiq is working on making it super easy for online merchants to accept crypto and receive conventional money, without using a centralized exchange or payment processor. We also explain the main problems why online merchants don’t like accepting crypto payments, and the solution that Nimiq is building to address these.
We set out to understand why only few online merchants accept cryptocurrencies. What we learned made perfect sense to us.
Online merchants have a simple problem if they accept crypto: They still have to pay their employees and suppliers in their national ‘fiat’ currencies (USD/EUR). To do that, crypto payments they accept need to be converted. Only then can they pay their employees and other expenses. This extra step costs time and money, whilst accepting crypto brings only few benefits to the merchants.
We identified the following pain points for online merchants:
The Nimiq ‘Open Asset Swap Interaction Scheme’ (OASIS) is key to the solution. As a first strong use case for Nimiq we are focusing our energy on applying this framework to solving the problems of one target group: online merchants.
The Nimiq OASIS framework solves online merchants’ main problem by practically eliminating the volatility risk. This happens by OASIS connecting the crypto-paying customer, the liquidity providers (such as market makers or decentralized exchanges), and the online merchants through a mechanism called the Fiat Atomic Swap. Atomic Swaps happen at a predetermined rate. They can thus secure a fixed fiat exchange rate for the merchant.
Secondly, it solves the security concern. It does so by cutting out any custodial third party, e.g. a typical payment processor. This way, no intermediary ever controls the crypto and fiat, that is changing hands, in any centralized or custodial fashion.
And thirdly, the Nimiq OASIS framework enables speedy payouts into the online merchant’s bank account. This is possible because the framework connects both the blockchain world and the banking system (SEPA to begin).
In essence, with “Nimiq Checkout” we are building an e-commerce checkout solution that leverages the OASIS framework such that online merchants can accept crypto and get paid
Nimiq OASIS utilizes a mechanism that came to prominence in 2017. It is the basis of decentralized exchanges: the Atomic Swap. Atomic Swaps allow direct exchange with crypto currencies across blockchains, e.g. Bitcoin for Ether without the risk that comes with organizations like centralized exchanges. Eliminating the need for these organizations reduces the risk of hacks and embezzlement. In an Atomic Swap, the buyer and the seller interact through a special kind of smart contracts. This type of smart contract locks the funds of the trading partners for the intended transaction. The transaction will only execute if certain conditions are met. This lock-up allows eliminating risk associated with third-party custodians, like an exchange or payment service provider.
Now, this swap mechanism works well between cryptocurrencies on different blockchains. But what if someone doesn’t want to convert between two cryptocurrencies but between a cryptocurrency and, let’s say, USD/EUR — like our online merchant? Up until now, this was impossible because conventional money can’t be locked on a blockchain.
Nimiq OASIS changes this by extending the concept of Atomic Swaps to conventional currencies!
This is possible by creating a smart contract that interacts with banking APIs. It creates a fiat counterpart to the crypto part of the Atomic Swap. With OASIS, online merchants can now accept crypto and receive national currency. This happens in a decentralized and safe way. It is possible to pair the sale of a cryptocurrency with the purchase of a conventional currency without the risks that come with a third party. It is like putting the Euro on the blockchain (but without a stable coin).
With “Nimiq Checkout”, the online merchants will be able to accept crypto payments and receive fiat payouts (EUR to begin) with little delay and at the lowest risk. At the same time, customers can pay with crypto (NIM, BTC & ETH to begin). Both parties benefit from zero risk exposure because the exchange process can not be manipulated by a third party. This is because it is managed by smart contracts.
Nimiq is currently working with WEG Bank and aims to connect a first online merchant and non-custodial liquidity provider to demonstrate the first Nimiq OASIS transactions by end of the year. Stay tuned for more updates in the future!
None of the statements must be viewed as an endorsement or recommendation for Nimiq, any cryptocurrency, or investment product. Neither the information, nor any opinion contained herein constitutes a solicitation or offer by the creators or participants to buy or sell any securities or other financial instruments or provide any investment advice or service. All statements contained in statements made in Nimiq’s web pages, blogs, social media, press releases, or in any place accessible by the public, and oral statements that may be made by Nimiq or project associates that are not statements of historical fact, constitute “forward-looking statements”. These forward-looking statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties, and other factors that may cause the actual future results, performance, or achievements to be materially different from any future results, performance, or achievements expected, expressed, or implied by such forward-looking statements.